Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)

The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) is a governmental agency, under the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. SIDA is a global organisation, it has field offices in some 50 countries. SIDA is a transparent agency, which offers all necessary information about its activity to everybody interested. This is also a flexible and open for cooperation agency.General objective of the development cooperation between Sweden and Moldova is to support Moldovan efforts aimed at poverty reduction by promoting democratic governance, sustainable pro-poor economic growth, prevention of social marginalisation and public health improvement.


HIV/AIDS Related Projects and/or Activities

Moldova Health Investment Fund

Project: Joint Action to Strengthen Human Rights in the Transnistrian Region of the Republic of Moldova (Phase 2)

Overview

  • Duration:

    June 2016 - June 2018

  • UN Agencies:

    UNDP, OHCHR, UNAIDS and UNODC

  • Budget:

    10,388,894 SEK from the Government of Sweden

Project Summary:

The project is grounded in the United Nations human rights-based norms and standards and pursues strengthening of the effective exercise of human rights by people residing in the Transnistrian region through fostering improvement of institutional frameworks in the area of disability, gender based violence and HIV, PWIDs and people in prisons.

The project is funded by the Government of Sweden, is implemented through the UN Multi-Donor Trust Fund, and is framed around three inter-linked components (rights of persons with disabilities, women in vulnerable situations, and HIV/AIDS) which are led by OHCHR, UNDP, and UNAIDS / UNODC. These are aiming to advance Moldova’s progress towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions), 5 (Gender Equality), and 3 (Good Health and Well-being).

Project Objectives:

  • An increased number of women and men, as well as children with disabilities, enjoying the range of community-based services for ensuring the effective exercise of their rights on an equal basis with others, as per the UN human rights standards;
  • Enhanced protection to victims and potential victims of domestic violence and empowerment of individuals to prevent and address the problems at their roots in the region;
  • Scaled up access to quality and integrated prevention, treatment and care services for people living with HIV, TB and people who inject drugs in the civilian and prison sectors of the region.

Project Outcomes:

Component 1: Non-discrimination and social inclusion of children and adult persons with disabilities:

  • Duty bearers trained and capacitated on international standards with regard to rights of persons with disabilities (at least 100 relevant responsible officers);
  • Organizations of women and men with disabilities empowered to take action in protection and advancement of non-discrimination and their fundamental human rights as per the international standards, in particular through establishment of the regional Alliance of Persons with Disabilities with established close collaboration ties with similar organizations and alliances form the right bank of the Nistru;
  • Normative framework reviewed and adjusted – to the furthest extent possible – in line with the international standards with regard to rights of persons with disabilities;
  • At least 50 women and men, as well as children with disabilities from the pilot 1-2 communities have access to a range of inclusive CRPD-compliant community services developed and piloted to provide a successful model to be multiplied and scaled-up at the next stages;
  • Raised awareness among opinion and decision-makers and wider society about the rights-based concept of disability – with at least 100,000 persons covered by awareness-raising activities.

Component 2 Enhancing gender equality and combating violence against women

  • One functional social reintegration service/centre and two non-residential services providing assistance to victims of DV and HT in the Transnistrian region;
  • At least 15 trained staff members providing social services, and capacities of key stakeholders (to protect and assist various socially marginalized groups strengthened;
  • Continuing emergency assistance and economic reintegration for women, victims of domestic violence and/or human trafficking, through receiving opportunities for training and employment/self-employment;
  • Public awareness raised to support prevention/disclosure of domestic violence and human trafficking cases

Component 3: Improving prevention, treatment and care services for PLHIV, PWIDs and people in prisons

  • 2 HIV policy documents gender and HR sensitive and mainstreamed
  • 3 assessment reports – Gender, Stigma index and of comprehensive package of services in prisons inform the policy making process to mainstream gender and HR
  • Testing algorithms (1 document) +referral mechanism (1 document) in place
  • Environment secured through safe innovative waste management equipment provided to prisons and communitarian services of 100% medical waste produced by harm reduction projects by 2017
  • Stigma and Discrimination decreased in health institutions
  • 20 high level decision makers from the prison sector support the implementation of comprehensive package of quality integrated care for HIV and PWIDs;
  • At least 10 high level decision makers from law enforcement bodies support harm reduction and have the capacities to ensure personal security and safety at the workplace;
  • 2000 inmates enjoy better access to HIV comprehensive services in prisons;
  • 60 health specialists (epidemiologists, lab staff, drug dependency, doctors, communicable diseases specialists, staff from civil society) gained skills to provide qualitative and friendly services to their beneficiaries;
  • 4 OST sites are piloted and extended on the left (2 units) and right bank (3 units);
  • 50 PWIDs from both banks are enrolled in the OST treatment;
  • Public awareness on drug dependency, prevention of HIV stigma and discrimination in health care settings raised and cover about 5000 persons from key populations and 200 health workers;
  • 200 beneficiaries referred to Harm Reduction programs through law enforcement authorities by the beginning of 2018.

Project Activities:

Component 1: Non-discrimination and social inclusion of children and adult persons with disabilities:

  • Engaging and empowering organisations of persons with disabilities and self-advocates, with focus on women with disabilities, in promoting human-rights oriented reforms
  • Training and capacitation of duty bearers at the central and local level, specialized de facto authorities and institutions on international standards with regard to rights of persons with disabilities
  • Review and adjustment of the de facto normative framework in line with the international standards with regard to rights of persons with disabilities, facilitation of the operational framework for social inclusion of persons with disabilities
  • Development and piloting of CRPD-compliant community services in 1-2 communities to provide a successful model to be multiplied and scaled-up at the next stages
  • Raising awareness on the international human rights framework related to women/girls and men/boys with disabilities and making the case for transitioning from institutional care to community based services and social inclusion

Component 2: Enhancing gender equality and combating violence against women:

  • Support the development, institutionalization and functioning of social reintegration services / centre (crisis shelter and redesign of the social support scheme) for the victims of violence and human trafficking
  • Strengthen the capacity of key service delivery partners to promote and protect women's rights to life free from violence and those of the victims of the human trafficking
  • Empower and contribute to sustainable reintegration of vulnerable women, including victims of domestic violence on the labour market, through enhancing opportunities for training and employment/self-employment
  • Raise public awareness to support prevention and disclosure of the instances of VaW and HT and support the empowerment of victims

Component 3: Improving prevention, treatment and care services for PLHIV, PWIDs and people in prisons

  • Increase access to comprehensive package of services for PWIDs, including drug dependency in community
  • Improve comprehensive package of service for people who inject drugs in prisons through addressing regulatory framework, political commitment of prisons/health authorities
  • Support implementation of international standards, pursuing human rights and gender mainstreaming into HIV normative framework
  • Increase the access of the most at risk HIV populations to HIV Testing and Counselling through building capacities of NGOs and strengthening the dialogue between NGOs, health, prison and LEAs
  • Establish a sustainable dialogue with law enforcement structures with regards to a communitarian policing approach in working with most at risk populations and ensure referral services from Police to harm reduction services
  • Raise public awareness to combat HIV and drug dependency related stigma and discrimination